Demonstrating fundamental genetic ideas, discovering the DNA structure, formulating key contributions to mathematical physics, discovering nuclear fission or solving the structute of penicillin, aren’t these scientific achievements important enough to have learnt about these ladies when we were at school?
The Matilda effect is a bias against acknowledging the achievements of those women scientists whose work is attributed to their male colleagues. This effect was first described by suffragist and abolitionist Matilda Joslyn Gage (1826–98) in her essay, "Woman as Inventor".
The history of science, like most every history we learn, comes to us as a procession of great, almost exclusively white, men, unbroken but for the occasional token woman—well-deserving of her honors but seemingly anomalous nonetheless (https://www.openculture.com/2018/08/the-matilda-effect.html)
The spanish association “Women Researchers and Technologists” has launched the campaign #NoMoreMatildas (Material in Spanish only) to condemn the consequences of the Matilda Effect. The campaign also aims at recovering scientific references, to inspire and encourage girls to consider a scientific career.
The Matilda Effect in science: Awards and prizes in the US, 1990s and 2000s
While women's receipt of professional awards and prizes has increased in the past two decades, men continue to win a higher proportion of awards for scholarly research than expected based on their representation in the nomination pool. The results support the powerful twin influences of implicit bias and committee chairs as contributing factors.
The Matilda Effect in Science Communication: An experiment on gender bias in publication quality perceptions and collaboration interest
In science communication, the gender of an author as well as the gendered stereotypes assigned to their area of research impact the perceived scientific quality of their work: male scientists and “masculine” topics are frequently perceived as demonstrating higher scientific quality.
The Ada Project in the Norwegian Universiy of Science and Technology
(Related to the shared resources in French at the end of our FLs today): The Girl Project Ada works to recruit more girls to the ICT studies and prevent dropouts. Ada offers a career network that provides exciting opportunities when students graduate. NTNU would like to see more girls with master’s degrees in Mathematics, Informatics, Cybernetics and Robotics, Electronic System Design and Innovation, Computer Technology and Communication Technology.https://www.ntnu.edu/girls
The Matilda Effect by Gabrielle Birchak-BirkmanThis podcast names the many women who deserved scientific accolades for their contributions to science. And, it lists several things we can do to fix the Matilda Effect!If you would like to read more about the Matilda Effect and several tremendous women in science, you can read more at https://www.mathsciencehistory.com
The Matilda Effect by Ellie Irving (and actually you can read as well, as it is a book!)
Matilda loves science and inventing. Her heroes are Marie Curie, Leonardo da Vinci and Thomas Edison, and one day she wants to be a famous inventor herself. So when she doesn’t win the school science fair, she’s devastated – especially as the judges didn’t believe she'd come up with her entry on her own. Because she's a girl.
The Matilda Effect by the Philonomist
Where did all the women go? When it comes to handing out prizes and awards, their achievements are often unduly credited to their male colleagues, bosses, and sometimes even their husbands. In what soon becomes a vicious circle, this lack of recognition reinforces the very bias it stems from.
https://www.philonomist.com/en/video/matilda-effect (video in French)
The New WIT Web Site
We are happy to announce our new Word Press Web Site!
We are still doing some final touches but we hope you like it! Thanks again to Noemi Caraban and all the CERN Women who participated in the recent photo shootings as we have reused many of the existing photos for the new web site. Do not hesitate to share your feedback!
Créée en Juin 2018, sous l’égide de La Fondation de France, Femmes@Numérique s’est donnée pour ambition d’initier une mobilisation exceptionnelle, inscrite dans la durée, qui permettra de rétablir une représentation homogène des femmes et des hommes dans le numérique.
Les Oubliées du numérique par Isabelle Collet
L’universitaire genevoise publie «Les Oubliées du numérique», qui explique pourquoi si peu de femmes sont présentes dans les métiers de l’informatique. Les Oubliées du numérique (Ed. Le Passeur, 2019)
We wish you all a great weekend,
Maria, on behalf of the WIT steering committee
About the Women in Technology (WIT) Community: The aim of this community is to provide an environment in which women are not in the minority when interacting with technology. Our objectives are: to encourage women to play the role of expert; to provide a supportive learning environment; and to build a network between the Women in Technology here at CERN. WIT welcomes members from all genders and all technical fields. Visit cern.ch/wit